Sabtu, 25 Februari 2012

Rangkuman Bahasa Inggris

Kind Of The Text

Narrative Text 

The narrative text is telling of a story or an account of a sequence of events. One of the four traditional forms of composition (along with description, exposition, and persuasion). Narration differs from exposition, which can also relate a sequence of events, in that narration need not be factual and may be written from the perspective of a character in the text.
The generic sctucture of a narrative text : 
1. Orientation
2. Complication
3. Resolution
4. Re-orientation

Menggunakan Tense :
  • Simple Past Tense
Descriptive Text 
 
The Definition and Purpose of Descriptive Text (Definisi dan Tujuan Deskriptive Teks)
Descriptive text is a text which say what a person or a thing is like. Its purpose is to describe and reveal a particular person, place, or thing. (Deskriptif teks adalah sebuah teks yang menggambarkan orang atau sesuatu. Tujuan umumnya adalah untuk menggambarkan orang, benda, atau sesuatu).
The Generic Structure of Descriptive Text (Struktur Umum).
Descriptive text has structure as below:

Identification
identifying the phenomenon to be described.
(mengidentifikasi sebuah fenomena yang ingin di gambarkan)

Description
describing the phenomenon in parts, qualities, or/and characteristics.
Menggambarkan Phenomena dalam beberapa bagian, kualitas atau karakter.

The Language Feature of Descriptive Text (Ciri kebahasaan)
- Menggunakan attributive and identifying process.
- menggunakan adjective and classifiers in nominal group.
- menggunakan simple present tense

Procedure Text
The Goal / the purpose :
  • How to make ....
  • How to operate ....
The material
The step :
  • Firstly, ....
  • Next, ....
  • Then, ....
  • After that, ....
  • Finally, ....
Menggunakan Tense :
  • Past Tense
  • Simple Present
Recaunt Text
Tell about past experience/event

Menggunakan Tense :
  • Simple Past Tense
Terdiri dari :
  • Orientation
  • Event 
  • Event
Report Text :
  • Give Information
  • Give News
Terdiri dari :
  • Identification 
  • Discription
Menggunakan Tense :
  • Past Tense
  • Simple Present
Short Functional Text
  1. Announcement
  2. Notice 
  3. Advertisement
  4. Label
  5. Memo
  6. Greeting Card
  7. Letter
  8. Massage
  9. Invitation
Passive Voice 
(Past Paticiple/V3)
  • S+To Be+ V3+ O
Example :
  • My brother is buying a football match tickets at the stadium. (active)
  • Football match are bought at the stadium.(passive)
Speaking 
Asking for repetition :
  • Would you mind reapeating that? (in formal situations)
  • Would you mind saying that again? (in formal situations)
  • What was that again? (in informal situations)
  • Sorry (in informal situations)
  • Sorry, what did you say? (in informal situations)
  • I'm sorry I can't hear you. It's a very bad line (in informal situations
  • Could you repeat your address, please?
  • Pardon? (in formal situations)

Certainty
  •  I believe
  • He is sure
  • I am certain
  • I feel certain
  • It is no doubt
  • I am sure he can 
  • He must be...
Uncertany
  •  I'm not sure
  • We don't believe
  • They aren't certain
Question Tag
  • We live in paris, don't we?
  • Ani stays in Jakarta, doesn't she?
  • They published her book, didn't they?
  • She is a journalist. isn't she?
  • They went to the snow, didn't they?


Tidak ada komentar:

Poskan Komentar